Fate & Destiny – Macbeth
“Actions are the seed of fate deeds grow into destiny” – Harry S Truman. Most of our actions, determine our faith, and each decision we make is a pathway that leads us to our futures. Weather this trail takes us towards success or failure is determined by the way we approach them. However, sometimes we may cross obstacles that trap or influence us into taking the wrong decisions thus taking the pathway that will lead us to failure. In William Shakespeare’s famous play “Macbeth”, Macbeth is promised a future however he way have been a victim of his own fate.
Whether or not Macbeth was a victim of fate, was trapped by destiny or had free will can be analyzed in terms of his thirst for power, his misinterpretation of the prophecies, and the influences around him. Although a victim may try to hide his situation, If you look closely at him, you may always find the little detail that betrays his disguise. In this situation, Macbeth’s sudden interest for power was the detail that betrayed his mask and revealed he was a victim of fate . Before witches told him he would be king he had two kingdoms and was satisfied.
However after knowing the prediction he wanted more and decided to do whatever bloody deed it took to become king. His thirst for power started right after the first prediction, and grew stronger with the following predictions. When one says power, another thinks strength and as a prediction assured Macbeth would be safe until Macduff came. He could’ve waited for Macduff to come to him yet, the insight made him kill Macduff’s wife and child, and caused Macduff to come after him and kill him.
Each prophecy made Macbeth’s thirst for power grow stronger, making him a victim of faith as he was forced to complete deeds to have the future the prophecy promised. Even though Macbeth acted like he had freewill in his actions, the female influences around him were the main reasons he acted the way he was. If the witches hadn’t come in first place, he would’ve been satisfies with his titles of thane of Cawdor and Gladis, and never would’ve tried to kill Duncan for throne as he is his “kinsman, and his subject”(Act 1,Scene 7: 13).
However, as soon as the witches stepped in with their prophecies, they triggered his thirst for power and were encouraged or backed-up by his overpowering wife. As she continuously challenged his bravery and manliness, she provoked him into proving his courage and masculinity by killing Duncan even though it is the last of his wishes. He was a kind and loyal gentlemen who meant no harm to his cherished king. However, once again, those evil women influence Macbeth, like a child who is easily guided, to take the wring decisions therefore choosing his fate for him.
As Eric Hoffer once said; “The only way to predict the future is to have power to shape the future. Those in possession of absolute power can not only prophecy and make their prophecies come true, but they can also lie and make their lies come true. ” This describes Macbeth perfectly as the evil witches trapped him into commit sin . AS the prophecies must be interpreted as riddles, instead of telling him how he would achieve his forthcoming, they would just tell him what he would become and they would let him commit sin in order to realize it.
For instance, when they tell him he will become king and that Banquo’s heirs will be king, they never suggest he had to kill to get to the Throne, maybe the king would’ve died all alone and Macbeth would’ve taken the throne. Furthermore, when the witched tell him he would be safe until Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane, instead of taking this as a warning, he takes this as a threat and does more killing to prove his power and strength.
Moreover, the witches promised that no man born of woman can harm Macbeth, µtaking this as a guarantee of safety and misinterpreting this “riddle”, he thinks he is invincible and ends up getting killed by a man born of a ceaserian. Those crafty witches trapped Macbeth in this little game of destiny where all they had to do is give him clues and let him ruin his own life. Nothing in Sheakespear’s play is random. The three witches have been seen as figures of the Greek Moirae (Latin Parcae), or Fates, ho respectively spin, measure out and cut the thread of human life. Note how the scenes with the “weird sisters” (“weird” comes from Old English “wyrd,” which means “fate”) punctuate and structure the play. Curiously, the women in this play all take an evil character in this play, making Macbeth a victim. At that time witches were not believed to be supernatural beings, but supposedly gained their powers by selling their souls to the Satan.
Aditionally, the three witches have been seen as figures of the Greek Moirae (Latin Parcae), or Fates, who respectively spin, measure out and cut the thread of human life. Note how the scenes with the “weird sisters” (“weird” comes from Old English “wyrd,” which means “fate”). This cannot be a coincidence. Another “evil” woman would be Lady Macbeth. She was a malevolent temptress and as seen in many cultures woman is evil, and although in Shakespeare time women had no say in men’s decisions, she triggers them and provokes his bloody deads.
Those women trap him, and manipulate him into taking the wrong decisions. He gets trapped by the witch profecies, misunderstands them and cause himself trouble by acting selfish. The predictions gave him thirst for power making him a victim of fate and finally, he has no freewill as he was influences by evil women through his journey. The witches plan his life, tell him predictions and he finds a way to make them happen as his wife encourages him to “man up”.