Flaws of Jurassic Park
Based on the readings, web notes, and class discussions, Jurassic Park was doomed to fail from the start. Malcolm warned that Jurassic Park was a useless expenditure based on the research he had done with his Chaos Theory. He cautioned from the start that the animals would end up acting unpredictably and the island would be a disaster.
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The five major design flaws of Jurassic Park are- they had limited knowledge about the dinosaurs and the environment they needed to live in, they assumed that the dinosaurs would be similar to passive zoo animals, they assumed the dinosaurs would not be able to get out of their cages and/or off of the island, they did not understand that the dinosaurs were intelligent and hunted in packs and had the capacity to kill humans, and Hammond did not want to waste resources on staff so he had the whole island almost entirely controlled by a computer program.
The first error Jurassic Park encountered was that they had very limited knowledge about the nature of the dinosaurs and the environment they needed to live in. When Malcolm and the others convene with Hammond to begin the tour, Malcolm notes that Jurassic Park takes animals that have not existed for many years and attempts to re-create their environment. Malcolm says that this is very unconventional as it should be that animals are taken that already exist and their environment is modified.
Because they had limited knowledge about the environments that the dinosaurs inhibited many years ago, they were left to assume what plants should be placed with the dinosaurs and what commodities they needed to thrive. It was also assumed that since the dinosaurs were all female, they could not reproduce on their own, but hatched eggshells were soon discovered on the tour that showed otherwise. The next issue with Jurassic Park was that Hammond assumed that the dinosaurs would act like zoo animals, being very docile and quite easy to control. But, the natural nature of dinosaurs is quite contradictory to what they assumed.
This goes back to Hammond having very little knowledge about the dinosaurs and rather than assuming the worst to be better safe than sorry, he assumed the best. When the dinosaurs escape, they are not incompetent and gentle, as Hammond has “programmed” them to be. Instead they are very violent and aggressive, quite unlike zoo animals. A major flaw in the design of Jurassic Park was that it was assumed that the dinosaurs would not be able to get out of their enclosed environments and they would not be able to get off the island to travel to the mainland.
In the beginning of the tour, Tim notices a raptor in a zone it should not be in but his sighting is dismissed as a mistake. Then, the children site raptors on a ship leaving the island and are unable to alert Hammond because of the impending storm. Also, because of the storm, the electricity goes out and causes all of the electric fences that keep the animals enclosed, loses their charges. The group sees a T-Rex grabbing onto the uncharged fence and are terrified of it being able to escape. It is confirmed that the animals have indeed escaped and are running freely around the island, which was not anticipated by Hammond and his team.
Hammond made the fatal mistake of not realizing that some of the dinosaurs were predators that were both incredibly intelligent and hunted in packs and if given the chance would hunt humans. The discovery of the dinosaurs having the potential to kill humans was discovered when the group encounters a T-Rex who ultimately kills Ed Regis in front of the children and Dr. Grant. The truth is soon discovered about the actual nature of the dinosaurs being cruel and ruthless killers and the deaths shown in the first chapters are linked to the dinosaurs escaping their cages and inhibiting other areas.
The final flaw of Jurassic Park is that Hammond did not want to spend a lot of money or give up efficiency on staff, so he designed a computer program that controls essentially the whole park. When the group begins their tour, the staff sits in the control room and discusses the issues they are still having with the computer system glitching. When the power goes out, the electric fences lose their charge and the dinosaurs are able to potentially escape. As the storm worsens, they lose all power in the control room.
Slowly, the flaws in the dysfunctional computer system unravel and it is shown that technology is not able to support a system this complex. These five flaws were key components of the chaos that was instilled with Jurassic Park. The most important flaw was that Hammond placed a great deal of trust in technology, that ultimately led to the downfall of the park and showed how technology is not a reliable source to control our entire lives. Eventually Jurassic Park fails and is a huge disastrous attempt at creating something that was doomed to fail from the start, as anticipated by Malcolm.