Tda 2.1 Task 1.1
Children and young people’s Development from Birth to 19 Years Children and young people develop at different rates but, the way they develop is usually quite similar. There are 3 aspects of development. Communication and Intellectual Development Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development Physical Development Physical Development 0-3years When babies are born usually around 40 weeks, they possess unique skills, most newborn babies are able to suck and swallow independently, this ensures that a baby can feed and swallow milk. A baby is able to smell a mother’s milk, or if their cheek is stroked the baby will root for a nipple or teat.
If you place a finger in the palm of a babies hand the baby will usually grasp your finger with a tight grip. If a baby is held upright with their feet on a flat surface they will try to make a stepping movement. A baby will startle in response to a sudden sound or bright light and they will stretch out their arms suddenly and clench their fist then bring them in if they feel they are falling. Babies at 1 month: Some reflexes are not as strong at birth. Babies at 3 months: A baby may lift and turn their heads and may have an interest in playing with fingers.
Babies at 6 months: You may observe a baby exploring toys and objects in the mouth as well as fingers. May find them sitting with support and rolling from their back onto their front. Babies at 9 months: You may see a baby crawling or rolling, sitting without any support and using their fingers to feed. Babies at 1 Year: You may find them standing and holding onto furniture and see small objects being picked up and handled. A Child at 18 Months: You may see them walking up and down stairs with adult help, sitting and pushing off with legs on a sit and ride toy, may be able to feed themselves with a spoon.
Physical Development A child at 2 Years: May enjoy Playing on a sit and ride toy, enjoy running and climbing, use building blocks and do simple jigsaw puzzles. A child at 2? Years: Might be observed pedalling a tricycle or pushing it along with their feet. Turning pages in a book and pointing out objects. A child at 3 Years: May be observed being able to climb stairs using alternate feet, and maybe able to use the toilet. Communication and Intellectual Development 0-3years: Babies at birth cry to communicate their needs. They also start to look around and react to sounds.
Babies at 1 month: You may have times when a baby stops crying because they hear a familiar voice. Babies at 3 months: You may see that a baby will quite often become excited when it is time to be fed. Babies will start to notice mobiles and objects around them. Babies at 6 months: May find enjoyment when simple games are played such as pat a cake especially when they are repeated, Curiosity as babies look to see what is happening around them babbling, laughing and squealing. Babies at 9 months: may make tuneful, strings of babbling, and also exploring objects using hands and also mouth.
Babies at 1 Year: Usually by the age of 1 year a baby will Wave bye bye. Use Fingers pointing at objects to draw an adult’s attention to them. Tuneful babbling, that sounds like talking. A child at 18 months: By the age of 18 months a child will be less babbling and use more recognisable words. A child at 2 Years: By the time a child gets to 2 years most will be able to point to pictures of familiar objects and name them. A child at 2? Years: By the age of 2 and a half they are using phrases such as daddygone or drinkno where 2 words are used together.
A child at 3 Years: By the age of 3 any adults who are unfamiliar with the child should be able to understand the child’s speech, they have become interested in mark making, painting and books, and quite often they will have an enjoyment of sand and water. Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development 0-3Years: Babies and their primary carers, usually their mothers, begin to develop a strong, close bond from very early on, You might see that the baby at times stares at the mother and the mother is very aware of her baby.
A baby at 1 month: Babies who stop crying as they are picked up, but start crying when they are put down, Babies who are starting to relax at bath time or when their nappies are changed. Fleeting smiles when asleep (smiles of contentment begin from 5 or 6 weeks) Coos when content (From around 5 or 6 weeks) A baby at 3 months: will show enjoyment of bath time, Babies who smile back when they see a smiling face. A baby at 6 months: a baby will smile with delight when they are playing with their primary carers, they will lift their arms up to a parent to show that they want to be picked up.
A baby of 9 Months: will try and stay nearby their parent or carer. A baby of 1 year: will use repetitive play as the baby enjoys doing something over and over again, Crying if they cannot see their parent or carer. A child of 18months: will show signs of temper and frustration. They show an eagerness for independence- trying to feed themselves with a spoon, they show an interest in other children, and signs of distress if not with people that they know well.
A child of 2 Years: will have anger and frustration if they cannot do what they want to do. They show delight and happiness when they are enjoying something, and they are keen to show things to adults. A child of 2? years: will play alongside other children and copy their actions, and will have temper tantrums if frustrated. A child of 3 years: will show interest in playing with other children a have some co-operative play. Enjoy dressing up and playing with small world toys. They are keen to copy and help adults.