Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth to 19 Years of Age
1. 1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years of age Introduction: Children’s do not develop at the same rate as each another . Every child has different rate of Development Areas of development: These are the main areas of development 1. Physical development 2. Social development 3. Intellectual development 4. Language development As there will be difference of children progress at the same rate . The below is the guide To they might develop for the following age’s ranges Age 0 to 3 years 1.
Physical development: Babies turn their head towards sounds and movement’s . They like to watch the face of adult at feeding time. They start sitting with support and gradually sit alone . They raise their hand and aspect to be lifted. They try to walk alone. They try to hold pencil and try to write. 2. Social development: At the initial months they will recognize mother face and voice they enjoy playing with others and game ticks like peak-boo. They will please adult and perform for the audience. They develop sense of identity. Some want to do themselves. . Intellectual development: They begin to realise others are separate beings from themselves. They imitate others and try out ways of behaving in play. They will become more confident but still they need adult support. 4. Language development: Initially they make variety of happy sounds. As they grow they will make four to five different sounds and turn their head towards sources of sounds. Then they improve from using single words to complex words. By two they will use 30 to 150 words. After that they put words together into sentence. Ages 3 to 7 years 1.
Physical development: They try to walk on tiptoe, walk up and down stairs. They jump with feet together. They will hop. As they grow they will ride bicycle. They climb confidently. They write. 2. Social development: At this age they become more confident and self motivated. They become more cooperative. They make friends but need help in resolving disputes. They need structure and a routine to feel safe. 3. Intellectual development: They understand two to three things to do at a time. They will sort objects by sizes. They will understand about sameness and difference in various aspects of life. . Language development: Initially they start use pitch and tone. Then their vocabulary extends towards 1000 to 1500 words. Then draw with crayons more controlled. Their grammar becomes more accurate. They will that understand books are a pleasure and use pictures to help them follow the story Ages 7 to 12 years 1. Physical development: They will run, jump, skip and hit a ball. They enjoy more while playing team games by age eight. They may misjudge their ability before age nine. 2. Social development: As they grow they become less dependent on close adults support.
They enjoy being in groups of other children of similar age and strongly influenced by peer group. They like to play with the same-sex friends. 3. Intellectual development: The will read to themselves. And they will take lively interest in certain subjects by nine. 4. Language development: They will help in tackling the complexities of spellings. Vocabulary will grow if adults introduce new words and new ways of using language. They read loud. Ages 12 to 16 years 1. Physical development: Girls: Everybody is different . some girls are reaching full maturity and some are only in the beginning process.
After initial breast budding around the age 10, then the breast began to swell . Her public hair will grow, darken and become curlier. In some cases girls may begin to develop as early as 8 and others may not show no obvious changes late teens. The average age of the menstruation is around 13. Girls are likely to grow little after age 13; most of their growth will be complete by 13. Boys: Many of the boys grow height around this age. They also experience muscle growth and start take on manly physique. Their public hair will also grow thicker . oice may become deepen and even break. The growth of the spurt may delay for few boys and they may also have late pubertal growth in other areas. This can be a cause of teenager considerable anguish. 2. Social development: At this age they may become self-conscious as they notice changes in the body shape and odour. Children are more independent and start move away from parents and close to the peer group. Many teens develop very close friendship with the same sex. And most also develop interest in opposite sex but they will not be ready for a relationship. . Intellectual development: At this age they become less concerned about adult approval and turn instead to their friends. They find security in group acceptance and they follow peer group dress and behaviour. 4. Language development: At this age they may be constant sarcasm and supposed Witticisms can be irritating but their just testing new. They may also develop an interest in satire and other slightly offbeat forms of humour. Age 17 to 19 years At this age there will be rapid and intense growth; physically, mentally, and emotionally.
They will continue to assert his independence and find his own identity in the world. This is a long journey for your child, and it is important to remain there to guide and support him throughout this rebellious and challenging period. Teenagers face many challenges and temptations, so it is also important to sustain a positive relationship with open communication and trust so that you can help them be as safe and healthy as possible. It is important to understand that every child is different, and will undergo the following changes according to what’s right for his or her body. . Development milestones: At this time of many transitions both for teens and their families. In order to successfully navigate these changes, it is important for you to understand what is happening to your teen physically, cognitively, and socially, and understand what you can do to support your child’s growth and development 2. Social and emotional development: They will be independent. Firmer to the sense of self. They will get the ability to take important decisions; they may experiment in risk taking behaviour. 3. Cognitive development: Increase in concern on career.
They will set goals. They have good habits, self regulation and growth in abstract thought. 4. Physical development: they will reach 95% their height. They will be advanced growth of secondary sex characteristics such as facial and body hair in boys, and breasts in girls. 5. Sexual Development: Teens begin to develop more serious relationships with an increased capacity for sensual and tender love. They develop a clear sexual identity, as they have finished puberty and have a good sense of their bodies and what they can do.