“Health and Wellness” Agriculture for UP Los Banos Antonio C. Laurena, PhD Research Professor, Institute of Plant Breeding and Constancio C. de Guzman, PhD Professor, Crop Science Cluster College of Agriculture University of the Philippines Los BanosTopic Outline Aggie Crops for Health and Wellness Rice, Corn, Coconut, Sugarcane and Banana Fruits and Vegetables Tuber Crops and Seed Legumes Specialty Crops for Health and Wellness Herbs Pharma Crops and other GM Crops Source of Natural Products Summary and Conclusion
Introduction and BackgroundDefinition of Terms functional foods nutraceuticals phytochemicals and zoochemicals health supplements wellness pharmacogenomics and nutrigenomics bioactivesFunctional foods – foods, that by virtue of the presence of biologically-active components, provide a health benefit beyond basic nutrition. (ILSI, North America). Nutraceutical – any substance that is a food or a part of a food that provides medical or health benefits, including the prevention and treatment of disease.
US Foundation for Innovation in Medicine (1989) nutrients nutraceutical pharmaceuticalRice, Corn and Coconut Brown rice, rice bran oil and fermented rice with red yeast High lysine corn (low glycemic index) Virgin coconut oil (VCO) and monolaurinSugarcane and Banana Sugarcane — source of alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) — source of the phytoalexin piceatannol (a stilbene) Banana — complex genome (A and B) — table bananas and plantains (cooking type) — major source of potassium, tryptophan and oligofructans – polyphenols and oligofructansFruits and Vegetables Papaya as AntiCancer and Health Drink Bionormalizer and BioEnzyme Mangosteen as Health Supplements (xanthones) Watermelon (with High Citrulline)Bio-Catalyzer Improved food digestion and nutrient absorption Increased egg production in ducks Fruits and Vegetables Vegetables Ampalaya against diabetes Malunggay – vegetable for all seasons glucosinolates and bioflavonoids Other indigenous vegetables Alugbati, Pako, Saluyot, Katuray Himbabao,Kulitis and Labong
Polypeptide PSource: K Becker (2003)Source: K Becker (2003)Jed W. Fahey, Sc. D. Co-Founder of Brassica Protection Products (BPP) Moringa oleifera: A Review of the Medical Evidence for its Nutritional, Therapeutic and Prophylactic Properties. Part 1. Funding: Lewis B. and Dorothy Cullman Foundation American Institute for Cancer Research National Cancer InstituteSix different phytochemicals in malunggay seeds and leavesZija (zee-jah) is a nutritional supplement beverage with a unique 100% natural blend of five parts of he Moringa oleifera tree with over 90 naturally occurring nutritional compounds. A Healthy Drink from Malunggay!!! Moringa oleifera is the most nutrient-rich plant discovered todate with 90 substances essential for proper nutrition and good health. Out of the total 90, 46 are anti-oxidants and 36 are anti-inflammatories. http://www. zijamoringahealth. com/index. htmlTuber Crops Purple yams with bioflavonoids (antioxidant activity) Sweet potato beverage/health drink (Japan product) source of bioactives Cassava (substrate for probiotics)