Past Exam

Past Exam

THE UNIVERSITY OF ZAMBIA IN ASSOCIATION WITH TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TEACHERS’COLLEGE, LUANSHYA DECEMBER, 2010 FINAL DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS SUBJECT: Educational Psychology COURSE: Education DURATION: Three hours (3) TOTAL MARKS: 100 INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES I. There are four(4) sections in this examination paper (A,B,C and D) Section A has twenty (20) multiple choice questions. Attempt all by writing down the question number and letter you think is a correct response. Your responses should be written in the answer booklet provided. 10 marks) Section B has ten (10) incomplete statements. Attempt all questions by completing each statement with a word or phrase. (10 marks) Section C has five (5) short essay questions. Attempt all. (20 marks) Section D has four (4) long essay questions. Attempt questions 36 and any other two. (60 marks) II. All the answers must be written in the answer booklet that has been provided III. Ensure that the answer booklet bears your college number and not your name. Page 1 of 7 Section A Multiple Choice. (Marks 10) There are 20 multiple choice questions in this section.

Each question carries ? a mark. Attempt all by writing the letter (a, b, c, or d) to the answer option you consider to be correct. Write all answers in the answer booklet. 1. Which of the following best describes the unusual events that occurred in Pavlov’s laboratory leading him to the discovery of classical conditioning? a) Dogs salivated after meat powder was placed in their mouths. b) Dogs sometimes salivated before meat powder was placed in their mouths. c) Salivation existed in dogs as an unlearned reflex. d) Dogs salivated if and only if they were given a reward. . An instructor smiles at a learner each time before he tells them “good work. ” The learner’s expectation when the instructor smiles is a(an)____________ a) unconditional stimulus. b) conditioned response. c) conditioned stimulus. d) unconditional response. 3. Which of the following psychological theories is known as the one that emphasizes “free will”? a) psychodynamic psychology b) behaviorism c) humanistic psychology d) neo-Freudian psychology 4. The study of similarities and differences in the behavior of different species is called_____________________ a) biology. ) comparative psychology. c) environmental psychology. d) differential psychology. 5. According to Maslow’s theory, the basic needs include a) physiological needs, safety, and security. b) safety, love, and belonging. c) physiological needs and belonging. d) security and esteem. Page 2 of 7 6. If your body is dehydrated, but you are not thirsty, we would say that you have a) a drive but not a need. b) a need but not a drive. c) both a drive and a need. d) neither a need nor a drive. 7. The tendency for old learning to inhibit recall of new learning is called a) encoding failure. b) repression. ) retroactive interference. d) proactive interference. 8. Working memory is associated with which of the following? a) sensory memory b) short-term memory c) long-term memory d) integrated memory 9. The term personality refers to a) the hereditary aspects of one’s emotional nature. b) unique and enduring behavior patterns. c) favorable and unfavorable personal characteristics. d) charisma, character, or temperament. 10. Behavioral theories of personality are often criticized for their a) inability to test or verify concepts. b) limited recognition of temperament, emotion, and subjective factors. ) ability to explain behavior after the fact only. d) emphasis on the conditions under which behaviors occur. 11. Which of the following is an unconscious personality structure made up of biological urges seeking fulfillment? a) Ego b) Id c) Superego d) Subconscious 12. Information picked up by the body’s receptor cells is termed a) Cognition b) perception. c) adaptation. d) sensation. Page 3 of 7 13. A researcher presents two lights of varying brightness to a subject who is asked to respond “same” or “different” by comparing their intensities.

The researcher is seeking the a) just noticeable difference. b) absolute threshold. c) subliminal threshold. d) minimal threshold. 14. The vestibular sense helps keep us from a) eating too much. b) starving to death. c) being blinded by the sun. d) falling over. 15. Delaying action until it is appropriate describes the ego’s use of the a) pleasure principle. b) morality principle. c) ego ideal. d) reality principle 16. A psychologist administers an intelligence test to 100 fourth graders. One month later the psychologist returns and readministers the test.

The psychologist is probably interested in a) the validity of the test. b) an operational definition of “intelligence. ” c) the creation of a “culture fair” test. d) the reliability of the test. 17. The term “cognition” includes a) thinking, problem solving, reasoning, and dreaming. b) classical and instrumental conditioning. c) the use of memory systems. d) an active process by which sensory input is selected, organized, and integrated. 18. Which of the following is usually associated with creativity? a) Convergent thinking. b) Divergent thinking. c) Modeling. d) Syntax.

Page 4 of 7 19. Decreased perceptual response to a repeated stimulus is called__________ a) habituation. b) selective attention. c) divided attention. d) hallucination. 20. ______________learners tend to retain and understand information best by doing something active with it—discussing or applying it or explaining it to others. a) Active b) Reflective c) sensing d) intuitive Page 5 of 7 Section B (10 Marks) Each question carries 1 mark. Complete the blanks 21. The law of ___________________ states that objects that move to the same direction are perceived to be together. 2. The law of ____________________ tells us that for learning to effectively take place, a person must be emotionally, physically and psychologically prepared. 23. The ________________ theory states that for an event to be recalled correctly, a person must be in the same psychological, emotional and physical condition in which they were when the event was experienced. 24. ____________________ is the study of mental awareness or influence of external objects without interaction from known physical means. 25. ______________ was studying the digestive process in dogs when he discovered that the dogs salivated before they received their food. 26. __________________ a reinforcer is given after a set number of correct responses. 27. __________________ is defined as the difference between problemsolving the child is capable of performing independently, and problemsolving s/he is capable of performing with guidance. 28. ___________________ involves directing attention on inner experiences, while extraversion relates to focusing attention outward on other people and the environment. 9. ________________ is defined as an internal drive that activates behavior and gives it direction. 30. _________________ determines what information moves from sensory memory to short-term memory. Page 6 of 7 Section C (20 Marks) Write briefly (3-5 lines) on each of the following. Each question carries four (4) marks 31. Structuralism 32. Levels of memory 33. Educational application of law of recency 34. Lev Vygotsky 35. Individual differences and learning Section D (60 Marks) Answer question 36 and any other two from this section.

Each question carries 20 marks. 36. Give a detailed account of operant conditioning and clearly show how the theory has influenced educational thought. 37. Explain any ten factors that may enhance memory and relate them to educational practice. 38. Borrowing ideas from Albert Bandura, show how personality develops. Relate your discussion to the learning environment. 39. Discuss Jerome Bruner’s theory with reference to education. 40. “Learning theories do not fully conform to the reality of the classroom environment. ” Discuss. End of Examination Page 7 of 7