Sense And Sensibility By Jane Austen English Literature Essay
First, the first of the six letters quoted straight by Austen in the novel, is addressed to Marianne from Willoughby. The manner in which Willoughby writes to Marianne in this missive is highly cold and distant. The tone of reference, “ MY DEAR MADAM, ” is one frequently used in impersonal communicating ; for illustration, between aliens informing one another on a affair of serious concern which involves both parties at the same time. Alternatively, Willoughby addresses Marianne, his betrothed in this manner. This indicates the impersonal attitude he “ now ” expresses towards Marianne, non wholly by his ain manus of class. Throughout Willoughby ‘s missive, a great sum of accent is placed by Austen on the formality with which Willoughby begins his missive by turn toing Marianne as “ MY DEAR MADAM ” , alternatively of an fond reference such as “ My beloved Marianne ” and ends off by subscribing his name instead tenuously as “ John Willoughby. ” As Mary Favret provinces, “ Rather than a affiliated narrative, the letters in Austen ‘s novels portray faits accomplis, go forthing small room for inquiry or speculation: “ this decided the affair at one time ” ( Favret, 2002:380 ) . The mode in which Willoughby marks off the missive openly settles Marianne ‘s uncertainty of him, that is, that there is no likeliness of him being her suer as indicated by his impersonal sign language, which therefore illustrates the separation between them everlastingly as betroths. ( Johnson 2002:380 )
This missive is Willoughby ‘s “ sincere ” answer to Marianne ‘s old three letters of enquiry on his feelings towards her and their “ battle ” at present. Willoughby ‘s missive explains the grounds for his actions towards Marianne the old dark and to her letters that he received prior to their inadvertent meeting at the Middleton ‘s party. He states his concern for his behavior at the party and he is rather at a loss to detect that by no agencies did he see his behavior as piquing Marianne, guaranting her that if he did by any opportunity act in such a mode, it was “ absolutely unwilled ” . He farther states that he is with much regard and esteem ne’er to reflect on his former familiarity with her household in Devonshire once more. Furthermore, and that his fondnesss have been long engaged elsewhere for it will non be many hebdomads before this battle is fulfilled returning her lock of hair as an open mark of lasting separation from Marianne. In his answer, Willoughby portrays himself as the typical “ gentlemen ” character in his missive. This is apparent in Austen ‘s pick of words, typically associated with the “ gentlemen ” personality. Willoughby states that he is “ honoured ” in having her missive, for which he “ begs to return ” his “ sincere recognitions. ” His honor in his behavior at the Middleton ‘s party is in no manner being depicted as the honor he truthfully declares in his missive. Willoughby ‘s earnestness is instead ambivalent and coinciding throughout the fresh towards Marianne, her household and friends. He has in many cases used and abused his appeal and visual aspect for wealth and position momently until the rubric and radiance easy fades off for another victim that is blinded by his genteel and honorable facade who he promises the universe and more to merely once more to, in due clip, let down her terribly. ( Austen 1811:157 )
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Harmonizing to Mary Favret, “ Austen verifies this sense of inactiveness ” in the three letters sent by Marianne to Willoughby and the one and merely answer made by Willoughby. Furthermore she expresses that Willoughby ‘s missive defuses all the remainder, robbing them of all the authority they may one time hold had. This aggregation is dead in clip. Having denied the cogency of past feeling, it negates the possibility for any future motion. The connexion of love letters depicts the really decease of connexion and narrative, and they threaten the decease of Marianne. ( Johnson 2002:380 )
The feeling Willoughby conveys to Marianne prior to his answer is one that illustrates “ an battle ” between them, an unchanged love relationship which still presumptively exists momently. Willoughby in his missive assures Marianne that his actions at the party were “ absolutely unwilled ” as his love was and is for Marianne. ( Austen 1811:158 )
The extent to which Willoughby expresses himself with earnestness and formality is taken to great lengths in his answer to Marianne. This is apparent when the reader considers the ‘sensibility ‘ that Willoughby ‘s character possesses and the mode in which he expresses it towards Marianne in the missive. By ‘sensibility ‘ Willoughby in this case portrays himself insincerely and overtly to Marianne through his inordinate hyperboles of how bitterly excusatory he seems to be in his missive.
He begins most of his sentences with the alphabet missive “ I ” , this, illustrates to the reader Willoughby ‘s ego obsessed and egotistic attitude which is every bit apparent in his authorship to Marianne. ( Austen 1811: 157 )
Second, the 2nd missive is written by Marianne and she addresses it to Willoughby. She writes this missive before their reaching in town and sends it to him on their reaching in town. Marianne ‘s reference to Willoughby is personal and informal. She does non mention to Willoughby as Sir, alternatively, she writes to him merely as if she were talking to him in individual. Marianne ‘s tone depicts the conventional head frame of a naA?ve adolescent, who finds herself emotionally attached to her perfect knight in reflecting armor who is presumptively Willoughby. Marianne writes to Willoughby in an tidal bore and slightly, dying and impatient mode, “ to come here to-night ” , which emphasizes her yearning for him. Marianne ‘s ground for composing to Willoughby is because she had hoped that if she made her reaching in London known to him, he would hold had no pick but to run into her. ( Austen 1811: 161 )
Marianne portrays herself in the missive as a character who expresses “ esthesia ” . An person who finds it about ever impossible to keep her personal feelings for Willoughby in the novel, as the reader witnesses in her missive every bit good. Marianne besides tends to mention often to herself, “ and I think you will experience something more than surprise when you know I am in town. ” This is a word picture of Marianne ‘s emotional extremes of showing what she genuinely and gullibly feels indiscreetly and overly demoing no restraint in her longing for Willoughby on their reaching in town. On another juncture in the novel, this is besides exposed when Marianne refers to Norland as “ Dear, Dear Norland ” , one time once more bespeaking to the reader Marianne ‘s inordinate hyperboles in certain fortunes. She is hyperbolically romantic and through her character, Austen parodies the romantic poets ‘ excessive apostrophes to nature ; so this displays her esthesia. ( Austen 1811: 152 )
Third, this is the 2nd missive Marianne writes to Willoughby. Marianne ‘s reference to Willoughby is impersonal and informs him of the “ letdown ” she sees in him. Marianne marks the missive in short manus “ M.D ” showing to the reader that her method of missive authorship is far more personal and romantic than Willoughby ‘s. However, Austen parodies Marianne ‘s quandary by doing her “ letdown ” in Willoughby seem less serious than it really is to the reader ; she says, “ I can non show my letdown in holding missed you the twenty-four hours before yesterday, nor my amazement at non holding received your reply to a note which I sent you above a hebdomad ago. ” Marianne ‘s “ letdown ” is made less powerful to the reader when Austen declares at the same time the “ amazement ” she is sing at the same clip of hurt. Her letdown can non be any longer dissatisfactory and alternatively Austen makes her get downing lines to Willoughby humorously romantic. Therefore, she creates this enticing consequence in Marianne ‘s authorship to Willoughby. She is non wholly break uping ties with Willoughby but alternatively illustrates an eagersome attitude wholly with an every bit keeping tone in her missive. Her missive is in many ways than one a word picture of a last effort in winning over Willoughby ‘s bosom, beggary and about pleading to cognize where she stands with him, “ I hope really shortly to have your personal confidence of its being otherwise ” . Austen infuses idealistic and romantic elements in Marianne ‘s missive utilizing images of infatuation such as “ I have been anticipating to hear from you, and still more to see you, every hr of the twenty-four hours. ” Austen exaggerates her demand to be with him. Marianne ‘s longing for Willoughby is farther emphasized by Austen ‘s usage of deliberate urgency in tone, rising Marianne ‘s emotional appendage for Willoughby “ Pray call once more every bit shortly as possible, and explicate the ground of my holding expected this in vain. “ ( Austen 1811: 162 )
Fourthly, this is the 3rd and last missive to Willoughby from Marianne. She addresses Willoughby here in an upsetting and distressed tone: “ What am I to conceive of, Willoughby, by your behavior last dark? Again I demand an account of it. ” She wastes no clip in expresses herself indiscreetly and passively but like a bomb about to split explodes at the really get downing in her reference to Willoughby. Marianne depicts her ‘sensibility ‘ in her missive when she raptures of her feelings become expressed by Austen in the most melancholy and distressing mode, “ I was repulsed so! ” Marianne ‘s imprudent and vernal response is a contemplation of any lady who feels a sense of treachery after trusting for committedness with her one and merely ‘Willoughby ‘ who she excessively expresses her ‘true love ‘ to indiscreetly and closely. Austen intentionally contrasts Marianne ‘s fictional quandary with the world of the readers ‘ concerns for her. Austen demonstrates Marianne ‘s sightlessness of bosom and head in the relationship with Willoughby doing the reader Marianne ‘s eyes and ears every now than when she is unable to come to her senses of who and what Willoughby truly is. One could about province that Marianne ‘s portraiture in the missive is resemblance of features a stalker would possess, relentless and forceful. ( Austen 1811:162 )
Marianne portrays herself “ in a province of awful indecisiveness ” and she wishes to let go of herself from the uncertainness she suffers at nowadays. She is at this minute in clip unable to ‘accept ‘ his unaccountable behavior Willoughby shows towards her, hence her sign language off depicts a remotion of her “ province of indecisiveness ” . Therefore, her tone, reference and going in the missive makes the reader informant Marianne ‘s ‘sense ‘ undertaking out onto her authorship. Indeed, on the other manus her letters to Willoughby may hold strictly been built on her phantasies of what she thought would finally go her world. ( Austen 1811:162 )
Fifthly, this is the first missive written to Elinor from Lucy. Lucy addresses Elinor in a nuance manipulative tone, ” I hope my beloved Miss Dashwood will pardon the autonomy I take of composing to her ; ” picturing in the her reference a sense of ‘sensibility ‘ . Austen emphasizes Lucy ‘s mode in manipulating and dissembling her inner and outer visual aspects of being truly concerned when she informs Elinor of her and Edward ‘s state of affairs therefore far. In many ways than one, Lucy marks off in instead a impressive manner of authorship, farther showing Austen ‘s projection of a character who is dead set strictly on category, cultivation and visual aspect. This is apparent in “ And beloved Mrs Jennings excessively, trust she will talk a good word for us to Sir John, or Mr Palmer, or any friend that possibly able to help us. ” Exemplifying the great lengths that Miss Steele will travel in order to look concerned and admirable to all those whom she hopes to affect. As in her manipulative tone she successfully accomplishes her end merely after Elinor nowadayss it to Mrs Jennings who says, “ Very good, so! How prettily she writes! Ay, that was really proper to allow him be away if he would. That was merely similar Lucy. ” Therefore Lucy strictly writes in a manipulative mode to all whom she can certainly derive something from. Austen exposes Lucy ‘s greed for position, category and cultivation extensively in this missive, by doing usage of characters such as Mrs Jennings, Mr Palmer and Sir John all of whom belong to the upper category which Lucy can non stand to be separated from, strictly non in their outer and interior ideas they express for her. Austen tries to exemplify to her readers that even in a romanticist age such as this, there still ever leaves room for personal addition and use from a certain character whether in realistic or fictional scene. ( Austen 1811:241 )
Last, the 6th and last missive Austen straight quotes for her novel, is a missive written from Lucy to Edward. Lucy addresses Edward in this missive instead officially. This missive is signed merely every bit antecedently as Willoughby ‘s missive to Marianne besides in a impersonal and distant going. However, Lucy ‘s missive requests Edward to hold her “ scribble ” , but that he is “ really welcome ” to maintain her “ ring ” and lock of “ hair ” . This once more emphasizes Lucy ‘s uses she shows the reader boulder clay in the very terminal of her missive, ordering to Edward what he should make with his ownerships that she had obliged to give to him. Lucy writes to Edward to inform him that she has gained his brother ‘s fondnesss wholly and has in so making lost all fondnesss for him. Lucy of class portrays herself as “ sincere ” and “ happy ” in her pick but Austen reveals Lucy ‘s mistakes and contradictions in about every sentence of her note, “ and shall ever stay your sincere well- wisher, friend, and sister, ” In all four old ages of her battle with Edward earnestness seemed to be what she manipulated and pretended to be even in this missive. As the readers, our eyes and hears are made informant to all the defects and mistakes in each and every character who portrays either incorrect, manipulative and straitening “ earnestnesss ” such as Lucy or strength, sort heartedness and imperturbability of opinion as Elinor clouded for certain all characters within the novel to witness. ( Austen 1811: 321 )
In decision all six letters quoted by Austen project the symbols of category, position, instruction and use through her usage of narrative technique, missive authorship. Austen ‘s word picture of the above mentioned and involved characters Marianne, Willoughby, Lucy, Edward and Elinor establishes non merely the modernization of morality, truthfulness and esteem but besides the industrialisation of society that echoed the period of clip and topographic point that she finally hopes to capture in Sense and Sensibility in which historical ground and philosophical truths pondered over are now brought to life through these characters by Austen in Sense and Sensibility.