Rouges Gallery Anthropometry, and Dactylography
What is “Rouges Gallery”, Anthropometry, and Dactylography? In 1857 New York police department set up photographs of known offenders arranged by criminal specialty and height, by one year it had over 700 photographs for detectives to study, this was known as Rogues Gallery. In assist of detectives, Chicago established the countries first municipal Criminal identification Bureau, and a year later the Atlanta police department detective bureau was created. They had one captain, one sergeant, and eight detectives.
The chief detective of New York, Thomas Byrnes published Professional Criminals in America, which included pictures and descriptions of the criminals he knew to help police. He also instructed the Mulberry Street Morning Parade. Where at 9 o’clock every morning, all criminals arrested in the past 24 hours were marched before his detectives, who were supposed to take notes and remember the criminals for later. Alphonse Bertillon (1853-1914) the father of criminal investigation created anthropometry.
This was based on the fact that every human being differs from another in exact measurement of their body. People thought of this to be a joke until 1883, within 90 days of its implementation an experimental basis, Bertillon correctly made his first criminal identification, soon after almost all European countries used this method. Dactylography is a criminal identification method first used by England in the early 1900’s. It is a study of fingerprints.
Roman lawyer Quintilianus introduced a bloody fingerprint in a murder trial which successfully saved a child against a murder charge of his own father. The dactylography system of criminal identification took nearly 75 years to emerge. Question #2 What are the objectives of the investigation process and describe inductive and deductive reason and how are they used? The investigation process has the following objectives: 1. To establish that a crime was actually committed 2.
To identify and apprehend the suspects 3. To recover stolen property 4. To Assist in the prosecution of the person charged with the crime Inductive reasoning moves a form the specific details to a general view. It uses factual situation of a case form a unifying and logically consistent explanation of the crime. Deductive reasoning creates a hypothesis about the crime; the explanation is tested against factual situation. If the fit is not good the hypothesis is reformulated and retested until it fit.